Wenchang Court in Yunyan district [Photo provided to english.guiyang.gov.cn]
Yunyan district, located in the central and northern part of Guiyang, is one of the city's central urban areas. It is the seat of the Standing Committee of the Guizhou Provincial People's Congress, the provincial people's government and the provincial people's political consultative conference. It is the political, economic, cultural, scientific, technological and educational center of Guizhou province. With a nickname of Beautiful Yunyan, it has a subtropical humid monsoon climate, with an annual average temperature of 15.3℃. There is no severe cold in winter and no severe heat in summer. The climate is mild, the rainfall is abundant and the seasons are distinct.
It has 27 communities and one town with a permanent population of about 960,000. A majority of the population is Han, while other ethnic groups include Miao, Buyi, Hui, and Shui.
In 2020, the district's GDP reached 86.01 billion yuan ($13.23 billion), and the total financial revenue reached 22.8 billion yuan.
Yunyan district belonged to the Shunyuan Military Monitoring Department in the Yuan Dynasty and the Guizhou Military Monitoring Department in the early Ming Dynasty. It has been the seat of the provincial government since the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) when Guizhou Province was established. In August 1955, the first district of Guiyang city was renamed Yunyan District and the second district was renamed Fushui District. In 1958, Fushui District was merged into Yunyan district.
Yunyan district was selected as China's most beautiful eco-tourism and cultural tourism destination in 2014, one of the top 100 districts with the best comprehensive strength in 2017, one of the top 100 districts and one of the top 100 districts with the best investment potential in 2018, one of the top 100 districts with the best science and technology innovation strength, and one of the top 100 districts with green development.